Columbia University School of Nursing found that female participants who preferred home birth with a midwife more often viewed themselves as active and engaged in their delivery and desired a collaborative role with their healthcare provider. Participants who feared a painful delivery and viewed their role more passively were more likely to prefer a caesarean delivery, an in-hospital delivery, and pain medication. Female perceptions of their role in delivery and the role of healthcare predicts delivery. Arcia, A. US nulliparas’ perceptions of roles and of the birth experience as predictors of their delivery preferences. Midwifery Journal. Published online on... Read More
Research has highlighted that there are many blind spots in self-knowledge and these blind spots can have fairly negative consequences. The construct of mindfulness, defined as paying attention to one’s current experience in a nonevaluative way, may serve as a path to self-knowledge. Mindfulness addresses barriers to self-knowledge: informational barriers (i.e., the quantity and quality of information people have about themselves) and motivational barriers (i.e., ego-protective motives that affect how people process information about themselves). Non-judgmental observation of one’s thoughts, feelings, and behavior reduce emotional reactivity — such as... Read More
A study of ten thousand women found depression in 14% of mothers. Among these participants, 40.1% experienced postpartum depression, 33.4% experienced depression while pregnant, and 26.5% experienced depression before pregnancy and 19.3% expressed thoughts of self-harm. Nearly 66% had a comorbid anxiety disorder and 22.6% met diagnostic criteria for bipolar disorder. Younger, publicly insured, less educated, single, and African-American women were more likely to meet criteria for depression. Wisner, K., Sit, D., McShea, M., Rizzo, D., Zoretich, R., Hughes, C., … & Eng, H. (2013). Onset timing, thoughts of self-harm, and diagnoses in postpartum women with... Read More
Attitudes of Canadian mothers (n= 140) requesting caesarean delivery were studied. The four factors that best predicted attitudes of maternal caesarean upon request included fears about vaginal birth, thinking caesarean delivery was less stressful than vaginal delivery; believing vaginal birth had more negative maternal consequences, and a positive attitude of peers.
A study of 21,993 children revealed that paternal depression was associated with increased emotional and behavioral problems in children. Maternal depression suggested a threefold increase of these same symptoms when compared with fathers. Twenty-five percent of child participants had behavioral or emotional problems if both parents were depressed. (Rosenthal, D.G., Learned, N., Liu, Y.H., & Weitzman, M. (2012). Characteristics of Fathers with Depressive Symptoms. Maternal Child Health Journal. [Epub ahead of print].... Read More
A study of 7,247 US fathers found paternal depression was associated with poverty, living with a child with special needs, poor paternal health, paternal unemployment, and maternal depression which was the highest predictor of paternal depression. (Rosenthal, D.G., Learned, N., Liu, Y.H., & Weitzman, M. (2012). Characteristics of Fathers with Depressive Symptoms. Maternal Child Health Journal. [Epub ahead of print]. http://www.womensmentalhealth.org/posts/depression-in-fathers-toward-a-better-understanding-of-its-impact-on-the-child/